One Nation One Ration Card Scheme 2022?
The Ministeri of Consumer Affairs, Food & Public distribution rolled out a pilot scheme titled One Nation One Ration Card Scheme in 4 states on a pilot basis in 2019. Twelve states were added on 1st Jan 2020. It was reported by the Central Govt that about Eighty-Six Percent of beneficiaries under the National Food Security Act were brought under the One Nation One Ration Card plan.
Another recent change is with regards to the food security of migrant workers. In this scheme, beneficiaries can lift their entitled food grains from any electronic point of sale enabled FPS in the country through portability. portability gives that choice, while at the same time enabling the family back home to draw the remainder of the eligible ratio, the govt explained.
Progress of One Nation One Ration Card
The One Nation One Ration Card scheme was Initially proposed to roll out by 1 June 2020 nationally. On 1 Aug 2020, the facility of national portability of ration cards under the One Nation One Ration Card plan was enabled in an integrated cluster of Twenty Four States/UTs covering approx. Sixty-Five crore beneficiaries (Eighty Percent of the total National Food Security Act population) in these States/UTs.
Further, the Department of Food and Public Distribution made regular efforts to enable the facility of the One Nation One Ration Card in the remaining 12 States/UTs before March 2021.
The Finance Minister, Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman announced that the ONORC is being implemented by 32 States and UTs, reaching about Seventy crore beneficiaries while announcing the Union Budget 2021.
The Finance Minister also stated that the ( One Nation One Ration Card scheme) had covered 86% of the beneficiaries. The remaining four States/UTs would be integrated into this scheme in the coming few months. As of 11 March 2021, 17 States and UTs had successfully boarded the inter-state portability of ration cards under the National Food Security Act.
What is the One Nation One Ration Card?
It is a national ration card that will enable migrant workers and their families to access the Public distribution system benefits from any fair price shops across the country.
The characteristics of the One nation one ration card (ONORC) are:
- existing ration cards will be turned into one nation one ration card.
- It will be A universal ration card allotted to each beneficiary registered under National Food Security Act.
- Using the One nation one ration card, a beneficiary who migrates from one place to another can buy subsidized food grains from the fair price shop located in the destination Our city regardless of the origin of the beneficiaries.
- The beneficiaries will be identified through biometric authentication on electronic Point of Sale devices. These devices will be installed at each fair price shop.
- The national portability will work using the:
- Integrated Management of Public Distribution System (IM-PDS) portal – It will provide the technological platform for the ration cards’ portability.
- Annavitran Portal – It will host the data of the food grains distribution through ePoS devices within a state. This will help a beneficiary to access subsidized food grains within a state.
- Aadhar Card will be seeded with ration cards which will help beneficiaries get the ration using the same ration card.
Main Objectives of ONORC Scheme
in simple words, the One nation one ration card will bring the following changes
- Reforms in the public distribution system.
- Access of food grains to each beneficiary.
- Integrating All the Indian states & UTs in the scheme by March 2021.
Benefits of the ONORC
The major benefit of the ONORC is as follows:
- Those agile of the One nation one ration card will receive subsidy food grain from any Fair Price Shop in the country, immensely benefitting migrants staying in different parts of the country.
- With the One nation one ration card all the beneficiaries in 1 state can get the same fair rations in other states where the ration card was issued.
- In case of any foul play, a beneficiary can switch to alternative feet per second almost immediately.
- The scheme will be of benefit to women and other poorer sections of the society since social identity will be a strong factor in accessing the Public Distribution System.
- The One nation one ration card will help in achieving the target of eliminating hunger by 2030, given the fact that it has been ranked 102 out of Seventeen on the Global Hunder index
Salient Features of: ONORCS
- It is being implemented under the Integrated Management of Public Distribution System (IMPDS.)
- Sixty-five crores beneficiaries are being covered under the One nation one ration card scheme.
- 80% of beneficiaries registered under National Food Security Act has been covered under the scheme.
- Twenty Five states and UTs have been integrated into the scheme.
- Eighty one crores beneficiaries are reported to get the benefits of this scheme once all states/UTs will be integrated under the scheme.
- The govt will come up with a helpline number to assist beneficiaries.
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Challenges regarding the Implementation of the ONORC
- (EE) Exclusion Error: Once the Public Distribution System processes have been digitized through smart cards and Aadhar Card linking then leakages could be reduced, but there have been exclusion errors post Aadhar linking as of late.
- (LOD) Lack of Data: There is a shortage of data on the population moving to other cities to work. As such it becomes a difficult task in identifying the beneficiaries as they move to different locations.
Domicile-Based Social Sector Schemes: Along with Public Distribution System most of the welfare schemes and food security measures were based on Historic domicile-based access and restricted welfare and entitlements at their places of origin, thus negating any chance of non-native population from accessing such benefits.
|ONE NATION||ONE CARD|
|Poshan abhiyaan||Nutrition & India|
|UBI||Food Security In India|
|JAM Trinity||India & Migration|
|Challenges of Migrition||Common Service Centre|
Who is eligible for ONORC?
Eligible for One Nation One Ration Card. Any citizen, who is declared under Below Poverty Line (BPL) category will be eligible to get the benefit of this scheme across the country. As of now, about Twenty states have come on board to implement the scheme.